Founder of UAPB Built School from the Ground Up
Having operated now for more than 140 years, the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (UAPB) was founded in 1873 as Branch Normal College by Joseph Carter Corbin, a native of Ohio and the son of former slaves.
Corbin, who had a classical education, was the first African American Superintendent of Public Education in Arkansas and literally built the school from the ground up, according to a new book—Joseph Carter Corbin: Educator Extraordinaire and Founder of the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff by Gladys Turner Finney—just published by Butler Center Books.
There was a desperate need for teachers in Arkansas, Finney writes, and a great desire for education by former slaves who had been prohibited from learning to read and write.
Corbin himself cleared the land that would soon house the college and then set about to create a school that would produce the first African American teachers following the Reconstruction years. For almost three decades, he worked tirelessly on behalf of Arkansas’s black community to meet the need for educators.
In the early days, Corbin worked both as the president and the janitor so that he could control costs and keep the school going. He often waived “matriculation fees” and other expenses to allow impoverished students the opportunity to graduate and become qualified to teach throughout Arkansas.
Although he might not have realized it at the time, Corbin was a member of the so-called “aristocrats of color,” the African American elite of national prominence and a group that included such luminaries as Booker T. Washington (although Corbin and Washington had different philosophies about education). Corbin was a true giant in the history of education in Arkansas. His story, told by a former UAPB student, is monumental for the scope of what one man was able to accomplish.
Joseph Carter Corbin is available at River Market Books & Gifts on the Main Library campus of the Central Arkansas Library System (CALS) in Little Rock and other bookstores; from online retailers; through the Chicago Distribution Center at (800) 621-2736; and at www.uapress.com.
Butler Center Books is the publishing division of the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. To see a complete list of Butler Center Books, visit www.butlercenter.org/publication.
Gladys Turner Finney was born in Tamo (in Jefferson County, Arkansas), and was a member of the last graduating class of J. C. Corbin High School in Pine Bluff. She holds a Master of Social Work degree from the Atlanta University School of Social Work. Her distinguished career as a clinician, teacher, and administrator in the field of social work spanned nearly four decades. In 2012, Finney’s undergraduate alma mater, the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, conferred on her the Honorary Doctorate of Laws degree for her long commitment to social work and for her efforts in empowering others through advocacy and philanthropy. She currently resides in Dayton, Ohio.